According to NASA’s annual spinoff guide, which shows the agency’s technologies and inventions, NASA’s technology transfer program is one of the oldest in the agency, which aims to capitalize on NASA’s research in various fields far from space. Since 1976, the agency has been displaying the annual guidebook to emphasize the importance of its research and its impact on the technologies and inventions we see every day in our daily lives. The guide offers many of NASA’s inventions over the years.
In this article, we have selected 10 techniques that NASA has credited with its existence.
Cameras for mobile phones
One of the most important technologies resulting from NASA research is mobile cameras, which rely on CMOS sensors. This technology was not new, but it was developed and developed in NASA laboratories, where smaller, more effective sensors were produced and capable of producing clearer images in practice. We can say that such cameras in mobile phones are found in the Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Dust vacuum cleaner
The appearance of vacuum cleaners is due to the Apollo program, where NASA communicated with Black & Decker because it needed a device capable of sampling the surface layers of the moon, as well as samples of subsurface layers.
NASA needed a tool that could drill on the moon, Black & Decker responded to NASA’s request and provided a battery-powered electric motor. NASA’s request for the Apollo mission on the moon was met, and the device was later developed, becoming a household dust cleaner.
Sponges used in furniture
One of NASA’s inventions is also the sponge pads used today in home furniture, originating in 1966 when NASA needed shock-absorbing materials to be used in the manufacture of seats provide comfort and protection in its vehicles, and then used in the manufacture of furniture at first to discover the many uses later For these materials, to enter into the helmet design for head protection, and in the manufacture of car seats and aircraft.
Satellite thermometers used to measure the temperature of stars and space objects by reading their infrared radiation, the same technique later used, to measure human body temperature through the ear, providing an easy and safe way to measure body temperature.
Feeders for infants
It is difficult to find a relationship between space work and infant nutrients, but it exists. This is because NASA needs to provide healthy food to the crew of the spacecraft on long-term missions. Algae contain two essential unsaturated fatty acids DHA and ARA.
These acids are naturally present in breast milk and are thought to be important for children’s mental health.
Safer highways in rainy weather
This is due to NASA’s need to avoid gliding in the rainy weather on the roads intended for landing vehicles, so resorted to carving small grooves on the outskirts of the road, allowing water to run off the road, which enabled the shuttle boats to land safely on rainy days, and this technique was used in Highway in Washington in 1967 and then spread widely, which led to a low rate of accidents on rainy days on the highways.
Transparent orthodontic devices
These devices rely on transparent and durable ceramic materials, developed by NASA for heat-tracing missile technology, and later helped NASA to use these materials in orthodontics.
During NASA’s research in the field of water purification, plastic membranes were developed that were used in some types of filters in the water purification process. These materials entered into research to protect astronaut suits and masks, used as a protective cover, and in 1983, Foster Grant obtained the rights to use these Plastic materials to protect plastic lenses for eyeglasses, becoming scratch resistant.
Are the ends of the folded aircraft wings to the top, which plays an important role in the aerodynamics of the aircraft, and control the effect of affecting the core strength and is lifting and drag forces, which ultimately leads to reducing fuel consumption in the aircraft, and the origin of these ailerons to NASA ‘s research in 1973 , which aims to improve fuel consumption during flight, which subsequently saved billions of dollars.
It pumps that keep some heart patients who are waiting for a donor alive, and return this idea by Nasa spinoff to a conversation between the architects of NASA and two doctors in heart surgery Michael DeBakey and George Noon, it has been working on this idea with the benefit of NASA experience in the field of fuel flow liquid In rocket engines to develop a cardiac pump technology.
Finally, there are a lot of NASA inventions that have been developed at the NASA Research Center and show how they came out of the research center and their uses in the field of spacecraft, to be used in various fields far from space and found around us in our daily lives.