Recently, there have been many concerns about the faceapp application, and the powers of the application that allows him to access user photos and contacts, where warnings appeared that the application leaks information and user images for the benefit of a third party Russian, at the same time revealed a study of leaking large information Being on many Internet sites, which is a much greater concern than the previous application, due to its proliferation in many Internet sites, and the participation of many major technology companies.
A joint study between Microsoft and Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pennsylvania, which centered on 22.484 with the pornographic content Internet site, using webXray platform, this showed the study that 93% of these sites leak user information to a third party.
What is a third party
Many websites are not a unified code block, but may contain pieces of software from third parties that may be separate companies from the entity responsible for the site, and these third parties work through these pieces of software to collect information about users and visitors to the site, and build a profile for each A user, including his interests and behavior, and then using data mining techniques, this leaked information is used in many areas such as marketing.
This is done by analyzing leaked data from an online store specializing in dog food, for example, to find out who owns dogs, and to direct them later on commercial dog-specific items. Of course, it is not just about pet food or marketing but also includes various fields.
Content and software parts of many sites belong to a third party
Examples of software parts belonging to a third party are ads spread in most of the sites, which returns to the owners of the site profits and material returns, in addition, we find major companies provide some services to the developers of the site free of charge, developers use these services in building websites, to Companies subsequently and through these services collect information about visitors to the site, such as Facebook, which allows developers to add a button like in the sites they build, where this button is linked to the site and pages of Facebook.
Private browsing incognito does not prevent leaking of user information
Much ado happens about users’ private browsing, thinking that this type of browsing provides protection for them and their personal information, but in fact, browsing in private mode only stops the browser from storing information about the sites visited, i.e. Another for the same browser will not find any trace in the history of visits that we find in the browser toolbar.
As for the exchange of information between the browser and the server or any third party will not be affected, so private browsing will not work any benefit in the event of leaking information to a third party.
Details of the study
The study included web sites with pornographic content that formed the research sample, and researchers worked using a webXray software platform that analyzes the content and parts of third-party software and monitors data traffic and destination when loading pages of the site or during the navigation between pages of the site.
Privacy policies for sites
The results show that 93% of these sites leak user information to a third party and 79% contain cookies with this third-party cookie, which are mostly used for tracking and leaking information, while for sites that encrypt registration information User access was only 17%.
They identified 230 companies and services that track user information on the pornographic sites they studied and identified a group that places great emphasis on collecting pornographic information about the user, to collect sexual information about them about their sexual orientation and interest.
In details of the results they published in the study, Google first appeared where they found that they track 75% of the sites they studied, oracle tracking 24%, and Facebook 10%, while for sites that focus on pornographic information came exoClick by 40% and juicyAds 11%.
Responses to the study
Facebook and Google responded through the New York Times, where Google commented on the study, that it blocks its ads on sites that provide adult content, and that it does not advertise policies based on sexual interests of users, in the same context Facebook said that Its community-based policies block adolescents on adult sites, and Oracle has made no comment.