Finally, 5G technology is within our grasp. It is the fifth generation of mobile networks and the development of 4G, which promises us at much higher speeds, less delay in data exchange and the possibility to do a lot in the world of communication such as playing 8k videos on future phones, It will even become the infrastructure for communication in upcoming smart cities.
It seems that we will have a significant breakthrough only once 5G networks are widely available and 5G phones are in the hands of people and that’s what mobile phone manufacturers are working on.
But while some companies are interested in launching the first batch of 5G phones such as Samsung with Galaxy S10 5G and OnePlus with OnePlus 7 Pro 5G, there are many other companies that have been working behind the scenes on the application of 5G technology for a long time and those are the companies which we will highlight here, with some key names and contribute to the development of the future of 5G.
If one company is to be commended for its contribution to the birth of the 5G phones, it is definitely Qualcomm, specifically the receiver (modem) that came with the company’s Snapdragon X50 processors, it was the first 5G modem in the world and is the modem that you will find in any existing phone equipped with a chip Snapdragon 855 which is found in a large number of current devices such as the device OnePlus 7 Pro 5G mentioned above and some versions of the Galaxy S10 5G, as well as LG V50 ThinQ, Xiaomi Mi Mix 3 5G and Oppo Reno 5G.
Without Qualcomm’s work these phones are likely not to exist or may not support the 5G technology, and we will also forget that it launched the first 5G phone in the world in December 2018, if you can not remember this device is OK because it is a reference model, not a phone you can buy .
The company has not stopped here as it has already unveiled the Snapdragon X55, the second-generation fifth-generation modem, along with the first mobile phone chipset with a built-in 5G modem (the current 5G phones have a separate 5G modem).
Qualcomm seems to be doing more than just building 5G modems, as it is a key player in many aspects of 5G as part of the 3GPP (3G Partnership Project – Mobile Standards Organization). As it is now.
The company also conducted several other 5G experiments and related technologies in collaboration with other companies such as working with Samsung in small cell technology and jointly working with Nokia 5G.
Huawei is also a major 5G player, and this is not only due to its release of the 5G phones Huawei Mate X and Huawei Mate 20 X 5G as they – as Qualcomm – work behind the scenes.
Huawei has also built a 5G modem, the Balong 5000, but that’s just the tip of the iceberg in 5G. However, according to IPlytics, Huawei has a lot of 5G patents compared to any other company in the world since April 2019, it has more than% 15 of them, so by this measure you can say that Huawei has played a greater role in the development of 5G than any other company.
In addition to the patents and modem designed by the company, there are experiments on 5G technology, where it completed the world’s first 5G connection (with the help of Vodafone), and launched the world’s first chip designed for 5G base stations, a technology that will be an integral part of 5G networks.
These are just some of the highlights of Huawei 5G’s work, and there are many more, especially as the company will be the primary provider of infrastructure for many 5G networks.
Despite the security concerns that recently put US President Donald Trump on the “blacklist”, limiting the mutual work of American brands with it, this did not prevent networks in other countries from dealing with Huawei, by the end of March 2019 It will have approved 40 5G contracts with mobile operators and has shipped over 45,000 5G base stations for use.
Nokia may no longer be a key player in the smartphone industry, and in fact, the latest Nokia-branded phones are made by a completely different company. However, he is still a big player in mobile technology, including the fifth generation.
According to IPlytics research, Nokia already has more patents in the 5G field than any other company other than Huawei. Its contributions are so large that Nokia expects to receive € 3 per sale of a 5G smartphone as equity.
Not only will it contribute to the technology used by phones, but the company will also represent a major strength in the network infrastructure, claiming to be a one-stop-shop for 5G network equipment, thanks to the introduction of things like a “cloud” base station that can mimic the functionality of 5G cloud by default, and ReefShark chipset. 5G designed to reduce cost and improve performance of 5G networks.
As a result, the company has contracts for the supply of 5G equipment to dozens of mobile networks, and some of these contracts are costly.
While Ericsson is not being talked about 5G as it is about some other companies, it has certainly helped to develop this technology and push it forward.
As with other 5G contributors, this work took many forms, but like Nokia and Huawei, Ericsson wants its technology to be at the heart of 5G networks, and for this purpose, it has signed several deals with mobile operators to be their partner in the 5G infrastructure.
These deals include a deal with Verizon, which was the first network to launch 5G anywhere in the world with the help of Ericsson. No wonder it helps deliver 5G early, as it also offers a complete 5G platform designed to smoothly develop networks from 4G to 5G.
Before the launch of these networks, Ericsson also played a major role in the development of 5G standards and was the largest contributor to the 3GPP in 2018.
ZTE is another company that is working hard to develop 5G and does not receive the necessary attention. Although you may know the company mostly as a smartphone company, it has a significant impact in all areas of communication. It is the world’s fourth-largest communications equipment manufacturer.
While launching 5G phones – starting with the already announced ZTE Axon 10 Pro 5G – it also makes 5G mobile network equipment and has had an impact on developing 5G technology as we know it now.
For example, the company conducted several 5G experiments, helped to comply with 5G standards, and obtained a large number of patents – and even won an award earlier in 2019 for the global leadership of 5G technology infrastructure.
Never heard of UniSOC? This company was formerly known as Spreadtrum, a Chinese company that played a large role in SMEs in emerging markets.
If you buy a smartphone for less than $ 100 right now, it’s likely to have a Spreadtrum / UniSOC processor inside. Until February 27, the company had a joint agreement with Intel to help develop 5G modems for emerging markets, but this collaboration is now officially over. But on the same day, UniSOC announced its 5G modem.
The first product, the Ivy510 modem, is part of the company’s new Makalu family and is the name of Long Mountain, slightly longer than Balong Mountain, named after Huawei’s pure modem. This concludes the spirit of competition between the two companies, which have attracted employees from the other party to work with.
Based on experience with Spreadtrum devices, we might expect to see Ivy510 in mid-range devices in China and emerging markets and a deployment schedule has not yet been set.
The Taiwanese giant, as on display at Mobile World Congress, MediaTek’s Helio M70 modem has been introduced to support 5G technology.
As MediaTek is a strong player in the mid-market it is very likely to see this chip in medium to high-tech phones, as the previous modem is paired with the Alcatel Mi-Fi, so we might expect to see this modem in Alcatel’s main markets first (France, Spain, and Italy) And others).
MediaTek announced the modem as support for the infrastructure of the SA and NSA networks, two 100 MHz channels with 2xCA with Sub-6 GHz, and a 4 × 4 MIMO download for 4.67 Gbps or MIMO (2 × 2) for 2.5 Gbps.
The M70 also supports mmWave.However, MediaTek stated that in the markets in which it is running, we will not see that physical devices are using this technology until later in 2020 or beyond, and until that time it is possible to see new slots succeeding the previous chip has been released.