There has always been a leap forward in how we interact with technology and data and apply it in our daily lives. Since the 1970s, there has been a major shift in the technology industry. Interaction is facilitated by keyboard and electronic mouse clicks.
In the 1980s, the introduction of the graphical user interface (GUI) allowed interaction with data through a mouse and cursor, and the 1990s also saw the commercial adoption of the Internet, allowing data sharing globally. In the next decade, the phenomenal success of the touchscreen smartphone became the main interface of technology.
In this decade, we will move on to the next transformation of digital reality, where our communication is expected to be through gesture, emotions, and looks.
What is digital reality?
It is a way to describe a wide range of technologies and experiences that somehow simulate reality digitally and integrate it with human senses, such as seeing virtual models of the eye and listening to 3D sound clips and devices to simulate smell, taste and temperature, all to create more realistic experiences.
Digital reality is a science in itself. It contains many genres that are studied and bifurcate as research progresses by technical specialists. Global Technology, the most important branches:
AR Augmented Reality
AR overlays digital content created on the real user environment, where it uses optics and a viewable environment in which users perceive their surroundings and themselves, and its main advantage is that it is 3D, meaning it can be viewed from all angles by multiple audiences simultaneously.
AR is used in various industries and products that the user may deal with. For example, IKEA AR is used to enable users to place real-sized furniture items in their living room with just a few clicks, thus helping them to anticipate and guess things before they happen, that is, a guarantee of purchase.
Some interesting facts about him:
- It can be easily handled (via tablet and smartphone).
- A collaborative experience, ie you can engage multiple users in the vision.
- Limited interaction with content, based on technology and programming mechanism.
- Requires a predefined icon or map information.
Virtual Reality VR
With our head-mounted projectors, such as Oculus Rift, HTC Vive, or Sony PlayStation, users find themselves in the 360-degree video world, as the VR digital space completely replaces your world.
VR also benefits from motion tracking capabilities, as many argue that this creates a great sense of VR integration, and in conjunction with headphones and audio controls as well as sensitive touch controls, you can interact with virtual objects and immerse all your senses in their environment, including In that smell using Bluetooth signals.
So far most VR apps are in the gaming industry and have also expanded to include online shopping from Alibaba and Macy’s in New York, where users can purchase directly from a virtual store.
Distinctive facts about it:
- Full immersion in the environment.
- High interaction with content.
- Open and free design for the virtual world.
- One user experience.
- Specific access devices (Oculus Rift and HTC Vive).
- Limited movements in the real world.
Mixed Reality MR
It combines both AR and VR into a single crucible but unfortunately limited by hardware.
With MR devices like Microsoft HoloLens or Magic Leap, you can project 3D imagery in your field of vision, seamlessly blending the user’s real-world environment and digitally generated content in a way that allows both environments to coexist and interact, and uses advanced sensors to map rooms in any building. You can fully interact with the content as you like.
MR applications are almost all for AR and VR technologies, but they are more advanced in R&D, education, architecture, and engineering.
The last application of mixed reality was a three-dimensional workstation for financial trading.
Facts about MR:
- High interaction with any content.
- Virtual objects interact and merge with the real world.
- The user cannot fully indulge in mixed reality as the field of view of the object is limited.
- There is a lack of tools and applications.
- Its tools are specific and expensive.
What are the future trends of digital reality?
An increasing number of industries outside the gaming and entertainment industry have begun testing and adopting digital reality technologies for their various applications.
Consumer products and services
AR allows online shoppers to view products such as clothing, furniture, and other 3D items in a real and real-time environment, via tablets or smartphones before purchasing.
Travelers can explore scenic places, cities or hotels in the travel destination with a VR headset.
Digital reality in defense
AR is widely used by the military for more effective training of soldiers, as smart helmets allow commanders to send maps and other information directly to the soldiers’ field of view, allowing them to perform their tasks while enhancing safety, speed, and coordination.
Future MRI applications may include drones small enough to fit the soldier’s palm, and the drones can then track and analyze soldier movements in real-world training and combat simulations.
Digital reality in the automotive field
AR often plays a crucial role in the design of the vehicle, as manufacturers can use technology to compare virtual data with the actual design of the vehicle and make the necessary analyzes, and on this basis they may potentially change parts during the initial stages of design planning, and in this way, technology can provide manufacturers An accurate picture of the future performance of the vehicle, which may reduce the time and cost of launch.
Possible applications of the AR, such as dropping the navigation routes and the distance between vehicle obstructions and the road or pedestrian, can be displayed on the windshield of the vehicle instead of the traditional dashboard screens, allowing the driver to see on the road.
Automotive manufacturers are also experimenting with MR technology that enables them to combine and visualize physical compounds to improve the design and accelerate development.
Virtual reality will enable surgical specialists to remotely treat patients with an HMD-controlled robot and haptic gloves, and the surgeon can perform surgery thousands of miles away.
MR is used in the preoperative preparatory stage of surgical procedures, where surgeons can plan the entire process using three-dimensional images, determine the place of making cracks, as well as see the consequences of their movements.
Digital reality in aircraft
For various sections of digital reality applications in the field. AR devices, such as smart glasses, allow engineers to guide complex tasks for maintenance workers in difficult failures while at the same time demonstrating how to repair and how the situation changes in real-time.
VR can help address the shortage of skilled engineers for comprehensive maintenance, repair, and operations (MRO), by increasing local engineering skills more than anywhere, anytime, which may reduce training time, improve maintenance efficiency, and save huge amounts of costs.
Aircraft component manufacturers are also developing MR applications, whereby engineers who install equipment inside the fuselage can be positioned into a large-scale, three-dimensional digital model of the aircraft they are working on. This allows engineers to bring an image of the aircraft component installation immediately. This helps them ensure that they are properly fixed.